NCOA3 - Nuclear receptor coactivator 3 - human protein (Function)
 
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NCOA3 »  Nuclear receptor coactivator 3   [ EC 2.3.1.48 ]  (NCoA-3)
 
Protein also known as:  Thyroid hormone receptor activator molecule 1 (TRAM-1).
Gene name:  NCOA3
Entry whose protein(s) existence is based on evidence at protein level
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1 195 5
GENE REF ISO

Function

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Overview 
Nuclear receptor coactivator that directly binds nuclear receptors and stimulates the transcriptional activities in a hormone-dependent fashion. Plays a central role in creating a multisubunit coactivator complex, which probably acts via remodeling of chromatin. Involved in the coactivation of different nuclear receptors, such as for steroids (GR and ER), retinoids (RARs and RXRs), thyroid hormone (TRs), vitamin D3 (VDR) and prostanoids (PPARs). Displays histone acetyltransferase activity. Also involved in the coactivation of the NF-kappa-B pathway via its interaction with the NFKB1 subunit.  
  • CuratedUniProtKB
GO molecular function 
Androgen receptor bindingdefinition[GO:0050681]  
1
  • NASUniProtKB
Chromatin bindingdefinition[GO:0003682] silver  
  • IEAOrtholog Compara
Histone acetyltransferase activitydefinition[GO:0004402]  
1
  • IDAUniProtKB
Ligand-dependent nuclear receptor bindingdefinition[GO:0016922]  
1
  • IPIUniProtKB
Ligand-dependent nuclear receptor transcription coactivator activitydefinition[GO:0030374] silver  
  • IEAInterPro 2 GO
Nuclear hormone receptor bindingdefinition[GO:0035257]  
1
  • IDAUniProtKB
Protein bindingdefinition[GO:0005515]  
16
  • IPIIntAct
  • IPIUniProtKB
Protein dimerization activitydefinition[GO:0046983] silver  
  • IEAInterPro 2 GO
Protein N-terminus bindingdefinition[GO:0047485]  
1
  • IPIUniProtKB
Signal transducer activitydefinition[GO:0004871] silver  
  • IEAInterPro 2 GO
Thyroid hormone receptor bindingdefinition[GO:0046966]  
1
  • NASUniProtKB
Transcription coactivator activitydefinition[GO:0003713]  
4
  • IMPUniProtKB
GO biological process 
Androgen receptor signaling pathwaydefinition[GO:0030521]  
1
  • NASUniProtKB
Developmental growthdefinition[GO:0048589] silver  
  • IEAOrtholog Compara
Histone acetylationdefinition[GO:0016573]  
1
  • IDAGOC
  • IEAEC 2 GO
  • IEAInterPro 2 GO
Labyrinthine layer morphogenesisdefinition[GO:0060713] silver  
  • IEAOrtholog Compara
Mammary gland branching involved in thelarchedefinition[GO:0060744] silver  
  • IEAOrtholog Compara
Multicellular organism growthdefinition[GO:0035264] silver  
  • IEAOrtholog Compara
Positive regulation of gene expressiondefinition[GO:0010628]  
1
  • IMPUniProtKB
Positive regulation of keratinocyte differentiationdefinition[GO:0045618]  
2
  • IMPUniProtKB
Positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoterdefinition[GO:0045944]  
2
  • IMPUniProtKB
Positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templateddefinition[GO:0045893]  
1
  • NASUniProtKB
Receptor transactivationdefinition[GO:0035624]  
1
  • TASUniProtKB
Regulation of RNA biosynthetic processdefinition[GO:2001141]  
1
  • IMPUniProtKB
Transcription, DNA-templateddefinition[GO:0006351]  
  • IEAUniProtKB KW
Vagina developmentdefinition[GO:0060068] silver  
  • IEAOrtholog Compara
Enzymatic activity 
This protein acts as an enzyme. It is known to catalyze the following reaction
EC 2.3.1.48: Acetyl-CoA + [histone] CoA + acetyl-[histone].  
1
  • CuratedUniProtKB
It is regulated in the following manner
Coactivator activity on nuclear receptors and NF-kappa-B pathways is enhanced by various hormones, and the TNF cytokine, respectively. TNF stimulation probably enhances phosphorylation, which in turn activates coactivator function. In contrast, acetylation by CREBBP apparently suppresses coactivation of target genes by disrupting its association with nuclear receptors. Binds to CSNK1D.  
  • CuratedUniProtKB
Pathways 
According to Reactome, this protein belongs to the following pathways:
PPARA activates gene expression  REACT_116145  
Transcriptional regulation of white adipocyte differentiation  REACT_27161  
Note 
NCOA3 is frequently amplified or overexpressed in breast and ovarian cancers.  
  • CuratedUniProtKB
 

Keywords

Biological process 
Transcription  definition   [KW-0804]
Transcription regulation  definition   [KW-0805]
Molecular function 
Activator  definition   [KW-0010]
Acyltransferase  definition   [KW-0012]
Transferase  definition   [KW-0808]
Technical term 
Reference proteome  definition   [KW-1185]
 

Further external links